Raymond, New Hampshire Town Information
Raymond is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 10,138 at the 2010 census. Part of Pawtuckaway State Park is in the north.
The central village in town, where 2,855 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Raymond census-designated place (CDP), and is located along the Lamprey River near New Hampshire Route 27.
This town was first settled by families from Exeter as a parish of Chester, and known as Freetown because it was exempt from the usual obligation of reserving its tall pine trees for masts in the Royal English Navy. The town was incorporated in 1764 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth.
There are at least two theories regarding the source of the town's name. The earlier theory, stated by Joseph Fullonton in his "History of Raymond," published 1875, is that the name was chosen as "a new and classical one." Fullonton relates that the original name of "Freetown" “arose from the ship timber business” where the king claimed the best trees. The locals had other ideas and took the trees and “being successful here, none molesting, they called it Freetown.” Fullonton states that at incorporation in 1764, changing the name from “Freetown” to “Raymond” was “taking a new and classical one, shows that there are minds not disposed to tread all the time in one path, but capable of thinking and advancing,” and that the word "Raymond" means “the lustrous, luminous or shining world.”
In a second theory, the town was named for Captain William Rayment, or Raymond, of Beverly, Massachusetts, who had raised a company of soldiers to fight in the war against Canada in 1690. The Massachusetts General Court in 1735 granted Captain Raymond and his company a township called Beverly-Canada (now Weare) as payment for their services, but that claim was ruled invalid after New Hampshire separated from Massachusetts in 1741. So in 1767, heirs of the veterans were instead awarded land in Maine. Originally called Raymondtown Plantation, it today composes the towns of Raymond, Casco and part of Naples.
In 1906, Andrew Carnegie awarded a grant of $2000 toward the construction of a Carnegie library in Raymond, and in 1908 the Dudley-Tucker Library opened overlooking the Common.
The Concord and Portsmouth Railroad line from Manchester to Portsmouth reached Raymond in 1861. The line later became the Portsmouth Branch of the Boston and Maine Railroad. Railroad service was abandoned in 1982 and the line is now a rail trail. The restored depot survives today as home to the Raymond Historical Society.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.6 square miles (77 km2), of which 28.8 sq mi (75 km2) is land and 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2) is water, composing 2.67% of the town. Raymond is drained by the Lamprey River. The highest point in town is Dumplingtown Hill, at 625 feet (191 m) above sea level, located near the town's western border.
The central village of Raymond, a census-designated place (CDP), has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.6 sq mi (12 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) (2.94%) is water.
The town is crossed by state routes 27, 101, 102 and 107. It borders the towns of Deerfield and Nottingham to the north, Epping and Fremont to the east, Chester to the south and Candia to the west.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,674 people, 3,493 households, and 2,567 families residing in the town. The population density was 336.1 people per square mile (129.8/km²). There were 3,710 housing units at an average density of 128.9 per square mile (49.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.79% White, 0.56% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.
There were 3,493 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. Nineteen percent of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $48,829, and the median income for a family was $50,889. Males had a median income of $35,493 versus $26,778 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,430. About 5.3% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,839 people, 1,116 households, and 738 families residing in the central village, or CDP. The population density was 614.9 people per square mile (237.3/km²). There were 1,167 housing units at an average density of 252.8 per square mile (97.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.64% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.92% of the population.
There were 1,116 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,286, and the median income for a family was $51,371. Males had a median income of $35,750 versus $26,378 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,710. About 7.6% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest
- Raymond Historical Society & Museum
- Fullonton, Joseph (1875). History of Raymond, New Hampshire. Dover, NH: Morning Star Printing Office.
- Town of Raymond official website
- Dudley-Tucker Library
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile